The Kingdom of the Chimor
The department of La Libertad is located in the northwest area of Peru and is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the west and San Martin department on the east. Trujillo, the capital of the Department, is known as the city of the “eternal spring” because its blessed climate and is famous for its annual Marinera festival, an elaborated and very elegant, technical and challenging peruvian dance.
In the valleys of Trujillo and its surroundings the old history of the region is being reconstructed from the times of the Paiján period of hunters and harpoon fishermen (10,000 B.C.), on to the incipient farmers of Huaca Prieta of Chicama, to the point at which the farmers and seafood gatherers learned to build temples and irrigations system.
The area was inhabited by two important, ancient Peruvian pre-Inca civilizations, the Mochica and the Chimu, and later, it became an important vice royal city. Among its uncountable archeological attractions, there is Chan Chan, the largest mud city in the Americas and ancient capital for the Chimu. UNESCO placed it on the World Cultural Heritage List in 1986.
An unmissable visit is the one to the remarkable huacas (pre-Inca sacred places) built by the Mochicas like the Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna, which measure more than twenty meters. Also, the El Brujo archeological complex, decorated with inspiring figures of dancers and warriors or the Lady of Cao. The city also has a splendid Colonial architecture where you will want to see the Cathedral, the Archbishop’s Palace, the Church de the Company de Jesus Christ, the monastery de El Carmen, and the many Colonial houses.
The Huanchaco beach resort is only fifteen minutes away from the city. It is famous for the caballitos de totora, which are lightweight boats made of totora reeds that have been used to cut through the ocean since the time of the Mochicas and Chimus. Here, you can enjoy fresh exquisite seafood or simply bask in the glory of a day at the beach.