Puno and Lake Titicaca
The cradle of the Inca civilization
Puno and Lake Titicaca. Puno city is the capital of the department of Puno and the gateway to Lake Titicaca and its islands. Its climate is cold with an average temperature between 9ºC/48.21F and 3ºC/37.4ºF during the winter. The native resident of Puno is of the ethnos Aymara (12.9% population of Peru); their language is the Aymara. For the subsistence in height average of 4,000 meters above sea level (13,122 feet) and with a cold climate, they have achieved an excellent adaptation. The color of its skin is dark, high lung capacity and development of the thorax and they have two more litters of blood than the average.
This region of Peru is famous for its varied and colorful folk traditions, as it has some of the most dazzling and richest folk ceremonies to be witnessed in this part of the continent, the celebration of the Virgen de la Candelaria. Held on February the 2d every year, and being without doubt the most spectacular of all. Puno has been denominated the “Capital folklórica del Perú” (folkloric capital of Peru) by the wealth of its artistic and cultural expressions.
One of the highlight of this Peruvian department is the Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world, 3812 meters above sea level/12507 feet and has a massive extension of 8500 km2/3282 sq.miles, of which 4966 km2/1917 mi2 belongs to Peru and 3334 km2/1287 mi2 corresponds to Bolivia. The lake is 176 km/109 miles long and 50 km/31 miles wide and reaches a depth of about 304 meters/997 feet. It presents numerous geographical accidents, 36 islands, some of those inhabited and with archeological remains. ¿Are you ready to leave the ground for a moment and breath some really fresh air?